Nails are the protective layers of the underlying fragile tissues of the nails. They are made up of keratin, which is a hardened protein. Occurrence of white spots on nails is quite common.
Causes Of White Spots On Nails:
White spots on nails can be caused due to various factors. Most commonly they are caused due to nutritional deficiencies, trauma to the nails, or skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. In certain cases, a mild fungal or bacterial infection can also lead to white spots on the fingernails.
Chemotherapy treatment, certain strong drugs or an allergic reaction to nail hardener or enamels can also result in the formation of white spots on the nails. Sometimes, white spots may also be the result of kidney or liver disease.
It is essential to keep your nails healthy and strong. Hence, the occurrence of white spots should be avoided. You can avoid white spots on your nails by following the useful tips that have been given below.
How To Avoid White Spots On Nails:
Tip 1: Eat A Healthy Diet
Consumption of a healthy diet is of utmost importance for keeping the occurrence of white spots on nails at bay. Being deficient in zinc, B-vitamins, protein and Vitamin C can increase your risk of having white spots on nails. Therefore, you must include the healthy food sources of these vital nutrients in your daily diet.
By eating plenty of fruits and vegetables like oranges, cucumber, limes, lemons, grapefruits, broccoli, spinach, kale, cabbage, beans, etc. you can obtain sufficient amount of B-Vitamins and Vitamin C. For adequate zinc, you can consume oyster, toasted wheat germ, sesame seeds, roasted squash seeds and pumpkin seeds, dried watermelon seeds, etc. You can also take a multi-vitamin supplement each day.
Tip 2: Avoid Aggressive Manicure
You should perform manicure gently, particularly around the cuticles. Manicuring aggressively or poking beneath the cuticles can cause trauma to your nails, which may result in white spots.
Tip 3: Moisturize Your Fingers And Nails Regularly
Well moisturized nails are less prone to white spots. Wash your hands frequently to minimize exposure to bacteria. You can use a good-quality hand lotion for moisturizing your nails after every hand wash. Vitamin E oil can also be used for nourishing and moisturizing your fingers and nails.
Tip 4: Apply An Antifungal Topical Cream/Lotion
We have already seen above that white spots on nails can also be the result of fungal or bacterial infection. It can be avoided by applying an antifungal topical cream or lotion like Loprox, on the nails at least twice a day. Continue this treatment for minimum two weeks for best result.
Tip 5: Apply An Antifungal Nail Polish
Application of an antifungal nail polish such as Ciclopirax can help you to temporarily hide the white spots. It will also provide protection to your nails from external infection. Apply it on the nails including the surrounding skin at bedtime each day. On the seventh day, you should remove this protective coating with the help of an alcohol swab. You must continue its application from the next day.
Tip 6: See A Dermatologist
You must not delay in consulting your dermatologist if your nails become partially or completely white. Presence of a large number of white spots on almost all the nails also needs medical attention.