You are experiencing fertility problems if you are not being able to get pregnant even after trying for a year. Women who get pregnant but are unable to sustain it may also be facing fertility problems. There are certain signs and symptoms which can indicate that a woman is infertile though all women do not experience infertility symptoms.
For some of the women regular menstrual cycles, happy and satisfying sex life and good health could be a part of life and still they could face infertility if after one year of unprotected sex they do not conceive. On the other hand, some women can experience some risk factors or warning signs which can indicate about possible infertility.
Infertility Symptoms Among Women
Irregular or abnormal periods can be symptom of infertility for some women. If the bleeding is heavier or scantier than normal than it can indicate about possible problems in ovulation. Besides, if bleeding pattern varies significantly from one month to other like if the blood changes color or the length of bleeding varies considerably or you tend to suffer from heavy menstrual cramps then it could be a warning sign.
If the menstrual cycles are too short (less than 21 days) or too long (more than 35 days) or if they are irregular then also they can indicate some problem. Irregular periods can be indicative of problems of ovulation among women.
A woman’s age plays another crucial factor in determining her chances of getting pregnant. The body clock is so tuned that till the age of 35, a woman gets pregnant easily but thereafter the chances of conceiving drop rapidly. For example, by the time a woman reaches the age of 30, her chances of conceiving during one menstrual cycle reduces to 20% and by the time she reaches the age of 40, they further drop to 5%. Hence, if you have crossed 35 years, then consult your doctor for assistance.
Your weight can also play an important role in your chances of getting pregnant. If you are underweight or overweight then you can face problems while trying to conceive. If you are exercising too much or are on extreme diet to lose weight then it can also hamper your chances of getting pregnant.
Chronic Health Problems
Researchers have suggested that not only chronic illnesses, their treatment can also cause infertility among women. Health conditions like diabetes and thyroid problems especially hypothyroidism can interfere with your fertility. Medication related to these problems like insulin, antidepressants or thyroid hormone can cause infertility.
If you have had cancer in the past of reproductive organs or you had taken radiation therapy near reproductive organs then it can be a possible reason of infertility. Check with your doctor if you had cancer in the past.
Sometimes due to hormonal problems women face fertility problems. Symptoms include changes in the texture of skin including sudden outburst of acne, low sex drive or sudden high sex drive, hair growth on lips and chin, loss of hair or weight gain.
If you have had three consecutive miscarriages then it can be indicative of fertility problems. This could be due to uterine fibroids or congenital uterine malformations, incomplete cervix or endometriosis. The good news is that these problems can be treated with right treatment.