Antioxidants are the warriors against ageing. They defend oxidation of the skin cells and protect them from damage. There are several types of antioxidants widely used in the skin care products.
Role of Antioxidants
Free radicals or oxygen molecules are the main culprits for the damage of skin tissues. Air pollution, sun exposure, stress and smoking lead to the formation of free radicals. They destroy the elastin and collagen in the skin, oxidate the skin cells and damage or eliminate them, which results in wrinkles on the skin. What antioxidants do is that they neutralize or destroy these free radicals and prevent them from oxidizing the skin cells.
Vitamin C is one of the beneficial antioxidants to the skin, which builds elastin and collagen in the skin and lightens it. Among the different variations of vitamin C, L-ascorbic acid is most helpful for the skin. If used at the strength of 2% and not more, it may destroy collagens rather than building them.
In the oil phase of skin cells, vitamin E is more helpful and prevents the oxygen molecules from oxidizing the cells. It also protects the skin from the damage due to the exposure to ultraviolet rays.
COQ 10 has a vital role in converting glucose into energy and every body cell uses it. It also recharges vitamin E and works as an antioxidant.
Kinetin is a substance found in plants to keep the leaves young. It is a plant extract, which acts as an antioxidant. Studies have proved that it prevents fibroblast, which produces collagen and elastin in the skin, from destruction.
Yeast extract, known also as Nayad, improves the firmness and elasticity of the skin and contributes to the moisture of skin. Although it is somewhat costly, regular use of this ingredient can make your skin younger, because it helps the skin to repair and protect by itself.
Pycnogenol, well known as ‘the magic bullet of free radicals’, is 50 times more potent than vitamin E and 20 times more than vitamin C. It eliminates the oxygen molecules in the oil part of cell and makes the skin young, binding the collagens.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA)
When taken internally, Alpha-Lipoic Acid is 400 times more powerful than vitamins C and E. It helps cells in energy production and proper functioning. However, it is not much effective when applied externally. Ensuring the presence of in skin care products will always help to choose the best of them and make your skin look healthy and youthful.