Chalazion is the result of an enlarged gland, which results because of a blocked oil-secreting gland in the eyelid. This is usually painless and it is also called meibomian cyst or tarsal cyst.
Although it looks like a sty, it is not one because it does not occur on the eyelid margin. The pain and redness that a chalazion causes disappear within a few days only. In case of a large swelling, you may have to bear the discomfort for a long time and it can cause pressure on the front eye, which can cause interference with vision.
What causes a chalazion?
Dandruff is a skin disorder, which results from no known cause. It can however, cause a chalazion. Other causes include acne rosacea, chronic blepharitis, high blood lipid and poor lid hygiene.
What symptoms should I look out for?
If you have a chalazion, it will appear in the form of either one or many focal, hard, but painless nodules in the upper or lower eyelid. They may increase in size over time. A chalazion can result even after having a painful lid infection prior. However, this is not always the case.
How can a chalazion be managed?
Usually, after a chalazion is diagnosed, it disappears on its own after a few weeks. Therefore, the doctor will wait for at least a few weeks before they commence any treatment. However, if the chalazion becomes painful or irritating, you can do this. Hold a clean cloth dampened with warm water against the affected area. This will soothe it.
They are non-infectious. Usually, they are mere collections or groups of immune cells and they therefore, require steroid therapy. If the hot compress fails in providing any relief, injecting triamcinolone acetonide or Kenalog will help to give some relief. You can inject about 5-10 mg/ml directly into the chalazion. You should start from the palpebral side and then inject in standard form with a tuberculin syringe and a 30 gauge needle.
If the chalazion is persistent, then it will require a simple operation. Here, a small cut is made on the inner surface of the eyelid. The contents of the swelling are removed. The procedure being performed with local anaesthesia is painless.