A lot of things should be kept in mind during the entire span of pregnancy. The nutrition, the lifestyle and your habits, all of them affect your baby too. However, due to certain genetic faults or some habits developed over the time, there may develop certain unavoidable complications.
Here’s a brief introduction to the most common things that may go wrong during pregnancy.
Most Common Complications of Pregnancy
The detachment of the placenta from the uterus, also termed as placental abruption, makes up for 1% of the leading pregnancy complications affecting women across the globe.
Affecting both the mother and the fetus, this complication, if turned severe, may lead to excessivematernal hemorrhage or bleeding which may also prove to be fatal. In some cases, this condition may cause the fetus to become stillborn.
Damage to the fallopian tubes and excessive tobacco smoking are known to be linked to Ectopic pregnancies in most women. In this condition, the embryo gets implanted outside the uterus causing a life-threatening situation for the mother.
Almost 98% of Ectopic pregnancies result in the embryo getting implanted in the fallopian tube. It is important to terminate the pregnancy once detected before it leads to any further complications on the mother’s part.
Also known as incompetent cervix, cervical weakness is a medical term used to indicate the condition wherein the cervix is more soft and weak than normal. Due to this, the cervix may dilate with the progress of the growth of the baby causing premature delivery or miscarriage.
You need to avoid strenuous physical activity and take the much-required bed rest for the duration your doctor has advised you to. Another option is to opt for a cervical stitch which is mostly done in the first or early second trimester of your pregnancy period.
Iron deficiency or anemia affects a large number of pregnant women and causes various symptoms such as dizziness and weakness. Being low on hemoglobin means your body will have less oxygen which ultimately affects your baby in more ways than one.
The middle of pregnancy is when you need to include the most of iron-rich foods in your diet because that’s when the fetus requires and takes up the most of iron from your body. You could also take iron supplements if you want.
Unlike other types of diabetes that are lifelong conditions, gestational diabetes goes away after the baby is born. Your body produces insulin to digest the glucose taken in. But in case your body isn’t able to produce the little extra insulin required for the baby, you may develop gestational diabetes.
Keeping an eye on your blood sugar levels is extremely important during the pregnancy as it may cause your baby to grow too large and create problems with your labor. Follow tailor-made diet plans and stick to them for a healthy pregnancy.
Many other complications including Hyperemesis gravidarum, swine flu, placenta praevia and pre-eclampsia may also occur. Early diagnosis forms a key to effective treatment. Periodic checks and fetal monitoring should be carried out religiously.
Photo Credit: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/medical/IM03117