Skin diseases often are an embarrassment as well as a cause for anxiety to the victim who fears to move about in the society. Skin diseases cause pain as well as discomfort and above all, the victims will have to bear with unkind and unpleasant remarks which cause mental agony.
There are mild as well severe cases of skin infection, the causes of which may be many. Only a dermatologist can identify the type of skin disease and prescribe the best course of treatment. There are various types of skin diseases and some of the common skin ailments are fungal infections, bacterial infections, herpes zoster, acne, eczema, scabies, alopecia, psoriasis and so on.
Some Common Types of Skin Diseases
Weakened immunity as a result of the intake of steroids, chemotherapy or HIV/AIDS condition as well as widespread use of antibiotics can cause fungal infections.
Some of the fungal infections are Paronychia, whereby the nails and fingertip is affected, Itertriginous lesions caused by friction in the skin folds, Thrush infection found in the mouth, stomach, skin and sometimes in the vagina, Perleche and Candida Vulvovaginitis. There are many more fungal infections like athletes foot, ringworm, yeast infections, etc.
Bacterial infection is caused by bacteria and is also a mild life threatening illness as in the case of bacterial meningitis. Hospitalized patients as well as people with chronic diseases are usually prone to this skin infection and many children and old aged people become victims to this disease. Impetigo, Folliculitis, Sties, Furuncles, Carbuncles, Erythrasma are some other bacterial skin infections.
Also known by the names Shingles and Zona, the viral disease herpes zoster is a very painful skin rash seen in any small part of the body and consists of blisters formed in a band or a strip.
The virus of chicken pox lies dormant in the nerve roots which wake up when the immune system weakens forming herpes zoster.
Acne is found as inflammatory as well as non-inflammatory lesions found on the face, neck, chest and shoulders. It causes pimples, cysts, whiteheads and blackheads when the pores of the skin get clogged. They are commonly found in teenagers, but can affect anyone, even babies.
Scaly and itchy rashes, eczema is an inflammation of the epidermis and is caused by many factors. The condition is made worse by scratching and though not an allergy by itself is triggered by allergic reactions.
Caused by very small species of mite, scabies is a skin disease that spreads easily by contact or through sharing of clothing or bedding.
Alopecia is loss of hair from either the head or the body causing baldness in the head and sometimes with patches of hair falling away from the head. Aging factor as well as genetic factors, chemotherapy and malnutrition causes this skin condition.
A chronic epidermal disease, psoriasis can occur in any part of the body, but is commonly seen on the elbows and knees, as well as the scalp and people affected by this disease are also prone to psoriatic arthritis.
There are many more skin diseases, some of them respond to treatment quickly, but there are many that take a long time to heal and have to be constantly monitored.