Preeclampsia is a pregnancy related complication which is characterized by increase in the blood pressure of the mother-to-be and reduction in the flow of blood to the placenta and the baby.
In case of many women, preeclampsia does not cause any severe complications. But if it is left untreated, there can be grave side-effects, not only for the mother but also for the baby. The best cure for this condition is delivery. A woman is at a high risk of stroke, seizures, severe bleeding or placental abruption until her blood pressure level comes down.
However, if you encounter this problem too early in your pregnancy, delivery will not be an option. Here are some common symptoms of preeclampsia and ways in which the condition is treated.
Symptoms of Preeclampsia
Women suffering from mild cases of preeclampsia show certain symptoms like sudden weight gain in 1-2 days and swelling of face and hands. However, those who suffer from severe preeclampsia show more grave symptoms including throbbing headaches, abdominal pain below the ribs or in the right shoulder, agitation, vomiting and nausea, changes in vision and decreased urine output.
Effective Tips for Preeclampsia Treatment
If you are suffering from preeclampsia, you must visit your doctor frequently and get yourself and your baby tested. A woman having preeclampsia needs to be monitored closely by means of frequent ultrasounds, non-stress tests, biophysical profiles, weigh-ins and blood pressure checks. The amount of protein in the mother’s urine is also checked frequently.
If you are still few months away from your pregnancy and suffering from mild preeclampsia, the doctor would most likely recommend you to take complete bed rest in order to keep your blood pressure in control and to increase the supply of blood to the placenta.
This would also give the baby enough time to mature. You will most likely be advised to stay in bed, and stand only when necessary. Alternatively, the doctor many ask you to limit your activity and sit on the bed or couch during the day. However, if you are suffering from a severe case of preeclampsia, you might be asked to take bed rest inside the hospital room.
During this time, you will most likely undergo regular non-stress tests and biophysical profiles for monitoring the well-being of your baby. The amount of amniotic fluid is also checked during this time. Lack of appropriate amount of amniotic fluid is a clear sign of improper blood supply to the placenta and the baby.
Doctors often prescribe medications to deal with preeclampsia such as Corticosteroids, which help to make the baby’s lungs mature, which is essential in case early delivery is required. These drugs can also prevent further progress of the preeclampsia.
Magnesium sulfate is also used quite often in case of women suffering from preeclampsia as it helps to prevent seizures during delivery. Besides this, it also boosts the flow of the blood through placenta to the fetus. Magnesium sulfate is often given to the mom through IVs during delivery.
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