As outdoor games have come to a standstill children of today are mostly couch potatoes/mouse potatoes. Doctors advice kids must not be allowed to watch television continuously for over one-and-a-half hours. If you feel that there is some defect with the kids eyes then do not delay. Take him to a doctor at the earliest. Treating optical defects at an early stage is always advisable.
While the kids stare at television or play computer games they forget even to blink their eyes, which could make the eyes dry and affect the cornea. The normal eye defects found in kids are myopia (nearsightedness), hypermetropia, Astigmatism, amblyopia (lazy eye), squinted eyes and cataract.
Eye defects and cure
Myopia is an optical defect in which one can’t see far away things. If your child reads by holding the book very close to his eyes, if your kid is found reading with eyes half closed or holding the book wrongly then there is every chance that he is suffering from myopia.
If the child rubs his eyes often or feels too much of strain during reading he might be affected with hypermetropia. Hypermetropia is a condition where a child can’t see objects nearby.
The solution to rectify myopia and hypermetropia is wearing spectacles for a longer period.
Astigmatism is a condition where vision is blurred. The inability of the optics of the eye to focus objects into a clear image on the retina causes this defect. The main symptoms are recurring head ache, blurred vision, tiredness in eyes and strain in reading.
Squint eyes are more or less genetic. A child with squint eyes cannot focus both the eyes in one direction. Genetic squint eyes could be detected after six months of the baby’s birth. On early detection the child could start wearing spectacles at the age of four. Surgery is recommended on rare cases.
As it is widely misunderstood, cataract doesn’t occur on elderly people. Even new- born babies are detected with cataract at times. The reasons for this could be genetic, virus infection in the mother during pregnancy or side-effects of certain medicines. Surgery can cure cataract.
Precautions to prevent vision defects are: Wear spectacles while reading, never watch television in a dark room, sit at least 10 ft away from the television set, blink your eyes and finally adjust the colour, contrast and brightness of the TV or computer.