These minute organisms basically destroy and eat away the keratin in your nails. It can really be an embarrassing condition for people to suffer from a fungal nail infection. ‘Dermatophyte’ is the medical term used for a nail infection that is caused due to fungus.
Risk Factors For Fungal Nail Infections
Smoking and recent nail injury can increase your risk of developing nail infections. Living in hot or humid climate also increases the risk of becoming a victim of a nail infection. It is very important to treat an infected nail caused by fungus because if not treated in the early stage, it can lead to severe damage to the affected nail.
Fungal Nail Infection Remedies
Oral Medications For Treating Fungal Nail Infections
In most cases, antifungal tablets can be effectively taken for treating fungal nail infections. These tablets are also capable of getting rid of any skin infection that is related to it. Tablets prescribed by your doctor largely depend upon the kind of fungus that has caused the infection.
Two common drugs usually prescribed are Itraconazole tablets and Terninafine tablets. These drugs may not be entirely free from side effects. Therefore, you should read the instructions provided with the medications to avoid the possible side effects.
Generally, oral medications are prescribed to the patients, who are diabetics, or experience discomfort and pain in the infected nails, or have cellulites history.
Topical Medications For Treating Fungal Nail Infections
Although, application of topical antifungal medications may not treat fungal nail infections, they are often prescribed along with some of the oral medications. In most cases, an effective over-the-counter lotion having urea are also recommended by the doctors to accelerate the healing process.
Antifungal Lacquer For Treating Fungal Nail Infections
In case of fungal nail infections ranging from mild to moderate infections, you may be prescribed an antifungal nail lacquer (nail polish) known as Ciclopirox. A nail lacquer containing amorolfine can also be applied on the infected nails, if the infection has not spread to the skin adjoining the nail.
Surgery For Treating Fungal Nail Infections
Your doctor may suggest you surgery if he/she finds that your fungal nail infection is a severe one. Patients suffering from extremely painful and severe fungal nail infections have to get their infected nail removed through a surgery. You will be asked to apply a local anti-fungal remedy on the affected nail directly to treat the nail bed and kill the fungus. Your new nail will grow back completely within a year or so.
Natural Remedies For Fungal Nail Infections
The above mentioned treatments may be quite expensive for many people. Hence, they can also opt for natural remedies. A wide range of remedies are available that can be used to treat mild and moderate nail infections. Some of the ingredients used for treating fungal nail infections naturally may include tea tree oil, apple cider vinegar, lemongrass essential oil, oil of oregano, etc.
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