Ingrown toenail is a nail disease that is common among many people. Often this condition is painful if the nail cuts into the nail bed. Medically this condition is known as onychocryptosis.
Generally, the nail enters into the paronychium. However, this can also be caused by overgrown skin in the toe. This can result in swelling, redness and infection. Mild nail curvature may not cause pain, but one can experience severe curvature which is quite painful. This leads to skin inflammation and the nail edges are hidden by the swollen skin.
The corners of the nail can break and cause an opening. The medical term that is used for an ingrown nail that is infected is paronychia. The great toenail is mostly affected by this condition. This can be common among people who wear some specific kind of footwear or children who play soccer.
In most cases, you can easily treat this skin disease, but the highly serious condition will need medical attention. You can use certain homemade remedies for ingrown toenail.
The toenails that are too short or incorrectly cut can develop in the wrong direction. When you are cutting the toenails, do not cut them too short. At the same time, do not leave them too long. Fungus can develop in the troubled areas of your toenail.
Know The Symptoms
It is important to know the signs of ingrown toenails before you start with the treatment process. The early symptom of this condition is nail edge tenderness. This may involve redness and swelling. In some cases, people have a generalized and dull pain in their toe.
The edge of the skin may get swollen and hard. If the disease gets worsened, the edge of the skin becomes red and the area swells. This may also result in oozing or bleeding. Moderate level of swelling and redness are the symptoms of inflammation.
How To Treat Ingrown Toenail
You must initiate home treatment for ingrown toenail to prevent the condition from getting worsened. You can soak your toes in warm water and salt for about 15 to 20 minutes for three times in a day. You must wear loose fitting or open toed footwear. Tight socks should also be avoided. Soaking in warm water will reduce the tenderness and redness in two to three days.
However, you should not stop soaking unless all the inflammation symptoms have diminished. During this time, do not cut the toenail on the sides or the edges as this can worsen the condition further. Speak with a doctor if there is severe redness, excessive streaking or drainage and pus. The disease should not be self-treated if you suffer from poor circulation or diabetes.
The doctor might prescribe you antibiotics if there are infectious signs. The doctor can also perform a wedge resection of the affected toenail. In this method, the doctor will take the wedge out of the nail with the help of a special nail cutter. After this, soaks are recommended. Nail avulsion is another option of ingrown toenail treatment. This may also be called ingrown toenail surgery, where the toenail is removed completely or partially.