Comedones are commonly known as blackheads and whiteheads together. Comedones are a type of acnes which affects several parts of body like face and shoulders. Oily skin is very sensitive to comedones as oil accumulated on the skin surface makes acnes worse and transform them into blackheads and whiteheads.
It has been found out that two thirds of the teenagers want to treat acnes but only one thirds had done so. By avoiding comedones, the problem can increase resulting in a skin disorder.
Acnes are shown in two types- 1. Red bumps; 2. Blackheads and whiteheads (comedones/comedo).
Comedones can go worse than red bumps by filling with pus which is painful. Comedo consists of useless cells, little hair and most of the time bacteria. Hence they cause skin disorders.
Blackheads are also termed as ‘open comedones‘. Our skin has tiny openings known as pores and these blackheads have got little bigger openings than skin pores. These blackheads follicles are plumps of sebum and extracted skin cells. These sebum and skin cells transform into a darker looking spots through the process of melanin oxidation. This oxidation of melanin gives these comedones black color.
Shedding dead cells from the surface is the natural way of our skin in order to keep it healthy and devoid of unwanted cells. When these cells accumulate on the skin in an irregular manner, a plump arises. These plumps metamorphose into blackheads later on. This process becomes more problematic when it clogs on oily skin. Blackhead follicles get caught in the oil secreted by the oily skin and develop into plugs. If not taken care of, these blackheads cause serious problems.
Whiteheads are also coined as ‘close comedones‘. These are also follicles similar to blackheads but they have got very tiny or microscopic openings. Its microscopic openings bar the air to enter in these follicles. Thus the melanin pigments they contain do not get the chance to get oxidized and remains white in color and turns out as whiteheads.
Treatments That Doesn’t Work
As blackheads are more common than whiteheads, there are few products in the market which promises to remove blackheads permanently/temporarily. But it has been found that these products are utterly useless as they do not carry their promises very well. These products are:
Blackhead Removers And Blackhead Extractors
These products make a nice selling in the market though they do not do their job well. It is found that these removers and extractors became helpless when they are used and more likely to cause skin harms like redness or itchiness to the skin.
Blackhead Gels And Creams
Another useless but harmful products. These creams and gels are of no avail and affects badly your skin. So, do not look at them on shelves.
Some products like ‘pore cleanser’ from IGIA tries to make way to cure your blackheads. They say that it will suck blackheads out of your skin leaving skin undamaged. But the fact is far away from this. These products also cause harm to the skin. Now you know about the popular selling comedo products available in the market. So, keep you in check while you go hunting for some blackheads ans whiteheads removers.
Effective Measures To Treat Comedo
There are several measures to treat blackheads and whiteheads. Squeezing or pressing is not a wise option as it might increase your problem. There is nothing to cure comedo overnight. So, check out these measures to keep them at bay.
As our skin used to shed useless skin cells, every layer of these should be removed from the skin so that the chances of becoming blackheads and whiteheads can be reduced. Exfoliation is a nice option to remove blackheads and whiteheads. Exfoliation can be done twice or thrice as per the blackhead and whitehead plugs. Exfoliation promises to remove comedo in appropriate manner.
Keeping Skin Oil Free
Oily skin is very much prone to invite blackheads. Avoid your skin to get oily. Oil tends to develop more plugs carrying more bacteria which mean more harm to the skin of course. So, wash your face twice or thrice in case you have oily skin texture. Also use natural products to clean your skin. Natural products are considered to be more effective than harmful chemicals.
These strips are readily available in the market. These strips are fair in result. But they remove blackheads. These strips do not work towards inside. Their overuse can leave your skin damaged. So, use them in moderation. Also use them only at the affected areas.
Benzoyl peroxide is used mainly for mild blackheads and whiteheads and it also prevents other comedo to develop. It carries antibacterial properties which reduces the formation of hair follicles. This results in coping with comedo.
This is also known as Avita or Renova. It is basically used with proper guidelines. Tretinoin is a derivative of vitamin A which promotes skin to be less sticky. It works by throwing plugs from the skin which helps skin to retain its normal pore structure. Tretinoin is the main treatment for reducing blackheads and whiteheads.
Not preferred for mild blackheads and whiteheads. It can also cause side effects. So its handling needs care. It is used to treat cystic acne. It is also known as Accutane.
Only used in the case of infected blackheads and whiteheads otherwise they are of no avail.
If nothing helps you out, it is advisable to visit some specialist dermatologist or aestheticians for the treatment of blackheads and whiteheads.
Comedo can be removed only treating the skin from inside by getting a balance in hormones. Also blood purification helps in achieving the goal.
It is sometimes said to improve your diet in order to reduce comedo. But comedo are not caused by any food ingredient so revising or going for a diet plan will not help you certainly. Rather try to think of the reasons of the comedo occurence and take right steps to prevent their re-occurence.