Researchers have found that Thyroid Gland has direct relevance on the health of the pregnant mother and the fetus. It can even affect the health of the new born.
The different aspects of the research conducted on this aspect are briefly dealt with here:
Effects of Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy:
Hypothyroidism is under functioning of the Thyroid Gland. The seriousness of this condition is such that the physicians may advise the mother to reconsider her plan to get pregnant. Hypothyroidism can affect the health of the mother as well as the child.
The TSH receptor (stimulating) and the TSH receptor (binding) antibodies can affect the health of the pregnant mother as well as that of the child. This is particularly relevant to pregnant women who have given birth to a child which has thyroid related problems. In such cases, they have to invariably get themselves examined for any possible thyroid problem and get appropriate medicines.
During entire period of her pregnancy, the mother has to be under the watchful eyes of the gynecologist. She has to maintain proper level of hormones. For example, during the first trimester, the TSH level should not be less than 2.5. The minimum TSH level would increase as the pregnancy progresses. Therefore, her dosage of appropriate medicines may also increase during this period. But the dosage gets reduced appropriately after pregnancy.
There are instances where some women have auto immunity for thyroid diseases. But such women should get themselves examined regularly because there is every chance that they may develop Hypothyroidism anytime during pregnancy. They have to get the TSH level regularly measured and monitored.
Effects of Hyperthyroidism and Pregnancy:
Hyperthyroidism is an over active Thyroid Gland. The normal symptom for this is severe morning sickness. The pregnant woman may experience dehydration and weight loss. The causes for Hyperthyroidism are many. It could be Goiter, Graves’ disease, nodules in the Thyroid Gland, etc. With the symptoms mentioned above, the woman should immediately consult her gynecologist and take appropriate anti thyroid medication.
She should be under the close monitoring of the gynecologist. The treatment may continue for some time even after the completion of the pregnancy. There are many prescription drugs to treat such hyperthyroidism during pregnancy.
In case any of the medicines do not give beneficial results, the doctor may suggest surgery. Normally, surgery is done before the second trimester.